18新利网官网

ENGLISH | 中文版

全国咨询热线

0519-83051166

有机颜料的发展简史

发布时间:2016-05-13   点击率:4195
文章标签:

  renleishiyongyanliao,youzheyoujiudelishi。kaogugongzuozhefaxian,renleizaijujin3wannianqianjiuyijingkaishishiyongyousedewujiwu,ru:jiangheshi、chitiekuangdengzuoweiyizhong“secai”yingyongyuhuihuadengmude,zheikeyougudaidebihua、yanhuadedaozhengming。zheizhongzuowei“secai”shiyongdeheshi、chitiekuang,shijishangjiushi^yuanshidewujiyanliao。


  有机颜料的使用究竟从何时开始,人们很难确定其准确的年代,因为古代的有机颜料很容易褪色,难以保留至今。在远古时代,作为对无机色材的补充,当时的人类使用了植物性的色材(如茜草、靛草)或动物性的色材(如泰尔紫,来自一种海螺)。由于当时的着色剂都是从动植物中提取出来的,生物学家把它们叫做Pigment,即今天的颜料一词。Pigment这个词来源于拉丁文Pigmentum,它是从一种名为Pingere植物的根中提取出来的色素。现代的科学研究表明:茜草的有色成分主要为茜素(1,2-二羟基蒽醌),靛草的有色成分主要是靛蓝(Indigo)。这两种物质或者它们的衍生物至今仍然作为色素被使用着。当然,从今天的观点来看,这些有机色材都具有溶解性,它们应该被归类为染料而不是有机颜料,但至少它们是现代有机颜料的起源。


  到19世纪中叶,合成染料大规模兴起,这也为有机颜料的合成工业奠定了基础。有机颜料是伴随着染料工业的发展而逐渐发展起来的。


  1856年,英国化学家Perkin制备了第一个合成染料,即苯胺紫(Mauveine);1858年,德国化学家Griess发现了苯胺的重氮化反应,1861年Mene发现了苯胺重氮盐与芳胺或芳香酚的偶合反应后,才开始人工合成染料和有机颜料。

qijinweizhi,youjiyanliaodefazhananzhaoshijianjinchengkefenchengruxiasangejieduan:


1)从无到有

  zaicijieduanhechengchuconglisuoerhongsedianleiyanliaozhitaijingleiyanliao,yanliaosepujibenpeitaoqiquan。youjiyanliaopinzhongkaishitidaiwujiyanliaopinzhong;


2)高性能有机颜料的问世

  suizhegaofenzicailiaodexunsufazhanyijirenminduishenghuozhiliangdeyaoqiuriyitigao,duizhesejideyingyongxingnengyetichugenggaodeyaoqiu,yinerdaidonglegeleixinxingyoujiyanliaodekaifayushengchan。zaizheiyijieduan,xiangjichuxianleyixiegaoxingnengyoujiyanliao(high performance pigment,jianchenghpp)。zheileiyanliaozhuyaoshihuang、cheng、honghezisede,tamendenaishailaodu、naiqihoulaodu、nairelaoduhenaiqianyilaodudoufeichangyouliang;


3)改进生产工艺且应用多元化

  zai1980-1990nianjian,youjiyanliaodefazhansudukaishibianman,zheiduanshijianxinyanliaodewenshijiaoshao,zhenzhengshixiangongyehuashengchandepinzhongjinyouyidalei,jizahuanjiegoudehongseyanliao---dppleiyanliao。1995nianhou,xinjiegouyoujiyanliaodewenshijiujihumeiyou,yinweioumengchuleyigereachfagui,duixinhuaxuepindeshangshishixinglefeichangyangedezhengce,xuyaozuoyixiliedejiance,feiyongzai55wanouyuanyishang。zheijiuyanzhongdidajileqiye(youqishijingxihuagongqiye)yanjiukaifaxinjiegouchanpindejijixing,xingyedejishufazhanzhongdianzhuanxiangleyixiajigefangmian:


寻求更合理的合成工艺路线,改变原料,降低已有品种的生产成本,以解决或减少对环境的污染;

xunqiuzaiqitalingyuneideyingyong,youqishigaojishulingyuneideyingyong,ru:yongyuguangpandetaijingyanliao、jingranliao、oudanyanliao;yongyujiguangdayin、jingdianfuyindetaijingyanliao、peixiyanliao;yongyutaiyangnengchuredepeixiyanliao;yongyucaiseyejingguolvqidedppyanliao,dengdeng;

fazhanxindeyingyongjixing,ru;yongyushumapenmoyinhuademoshui;yongyujinglunxianweiyuanyezhesedeyufensanxingyanliao;yongyuzanshixingtoufazhesefajiaodeyanliao,dengdeng。

youjiyanliaozaihouliangfangmiandeyingyongjidaditigaoletadefujiazhi,yinerjidadicujinleyanliaoshengchanshangkaifayanliaoxinyongtuyuyingyongjixingdejijixing。

联系电话:0519-83051166

传 真:0519-88231163

Top